Over the last 25 years, dental treatment has been radically changed by the introduction of dental implant surgery.
How did implant dentistry start?
Dental implant treatment, as with any branch of dentistry came about due to the discoveries of scientists, through research and tests, and by applying clinical practice. To perform successful dental implant surgery, there is a need for expertise and careful planning to ensure the restoration of the teeth. Thanks to science and the experience of dental experts, almost anyone can benefit from the most successful replacement method for missing teeth
In its beginnings, dental implant surgery was performed on patients who had lost all of their teeth and could not tolerate dentures, mainly because of insufficient bone on which the dentures could rest. The first dental implants were designed as devices universal in size and width.
Nowadays, implants are widely used to replace single or multiple missing teeth and come in many shapes and sizes, and are often produced to fit specific patients. The crowns of these implants very closely mimic the natural teeth they replace. The surface of a modern dental implant enhances the process of osseointegration.
What are dental implants?
Contrary to what many think, a dental implant is not the tooth itself, but rather the replacement root of the tooth, which then acts as a platform for the crown. Similar to roots, the dental implants are placed in the jawbone, during surgery, after which they are not visible. The job of the dental implant is to secure and hold the crown.
Dental implants are usually made of a strong and light metal called titanium, which due to its biocompatibility, is not rejected by the body. Titanium is widely used in medicine, not only for dental implants, but also for orthopaedic replacements. The success rates of dental implants are by far the highest among any other missing tooth replacement systems.
Implant dentistry not only restores the patient’s natural smile, but prevents bone loss, supports the skeleton of the face and helps to maintain the shape and density of the jawbone.
Why is titanium used in implant dentistry?
The answer is osseointegration, osseo meaning bone. Titanium has the property of fusing with natural bone tissue, a process which makes it irreplaceable, not only in the field of dentistry but other branches of medicine.