In some cases the bone is insufficient for dental implant treatment. In time, when teeth have been lost, the jawbone deteriorates to such an extent that the jawbone is of such poor quality is not dense enough for dental implants to be placed. Fortunately, there is a way to fix this problem as bone can be grown.
Thanks to bone grafting, insufficient bone can be restored to allow for dental implants, allowing implants of required length and width to be placed properly. Eventually, the dentist will be able to restore, not only the appearance but the functionality of the teeth as well.
Minor and Major bone grafting
Inadequate bone structure, caused by injury, extraction or gum disease can be repaired with bone grafting. To be able to perform bone grafting, the dentist needs some of the patient’s own bone tissue from, for example, the hip or the jaw or if appropriate from a tissue bank. In some cases, the dentist may perform a sinus bone graft, which replaces bone in the upper jaw.
In serious cases resulting from injury, surgery or congenital defects, a major bone graft camay be required. Here the patient’s own bone is taken from several available locations including the cranium (the skull), the iliac crest (the hip bone) or tibia (the shin bone), depending on the size of the injury or defect. Such procedures are major surgery and will require a hospital stay.
Guided bone regeneration
Using a special membrane, the bone graft can be protected, and regeneration can be further sped upand is particularly of use where patient needs to get dental implants as soon as possible.